Cardiff Castle

Cardiff Castle is one of top attractions in Wales. Located in the centre of the capital amongst glorious parkland, the walls offer a glimpse of over two-thousand years worth of history.

There was a Roman fort at Cardiff in the 0050s AD, the strong defences and easy access to the sea made it a perfect location. There were three further forts built on the original Roman site, although some remains of the Roman walls can still be seen.

The Castle’s keep was built on the site of the Roman fort after the Norman conquest. The first keep was probably of wooden construction with houses and further fortifications being built over the following decades.

In 1766 the castle passed to the Bute family and during this time the 2nd Marquess turned Cardiff into the world’s greatest coal exporting port. The Castle and fortune passed to his son John (the 3rd Marquess), who was reportedly the richest man in the world by the 1860s. In 1866 the 3rd Marquess hired architect William Burges to transform the Castle lodgings with rich interiors, stained glass, marble and exquisite wood carvings.

The 3rd Marquess died in 1900 but even with major death duties the 4th Marquess finished his father’s restoration projects which included the reconstruction of the Roman wall.

The Bute family lived at the Castle into the 1930s, but following the death of the 4th Marquess, the family presented the Castle and a large amount of its parkland to the city of Cardiff. The Castle was home to the National College of Music and Drama for a quarter of a century and since being open to the public in 1974 it has become one of Wales’ most popular attractions with locals and visitors.

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Criccieth Castle Panorama

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